1Essays test Martin A. Berger White Suffering and the Branded Hand This essay analyzes the social and racial significance of an unusual mid-nineteenth-century daguerreotype of a white abolitionist’s branded hand. Erina Duganne Black Civil War Portraiture in Context An investigation into the kinds of meanings that photographic portraits of black Civil War soldiers had at the time of their making as well as some of the challenges that such a recovery poses for historians today. Gregory Fried True Pictures”: Frederick Douglass on the Promise of Photography This essay explores the ideas of Frederick Douglass on the revolutionary significance of photography for the cause of abolishing slavery and for advancing human equality. Joan Gage A White Slave Girl: “Mulato Raised by Charles Sumner A narrative of discovery about one of the first photographs used to promote the abolitionist cause. Carol Goodman As White as Their Masters”: Visualizing the Color Line A discussion of the ambiguity of the color line in 19th century visual representations of race. Maria Helena PT Machado, Flávio dos Santos Gomes, John M. Monteiro Three Essays on Agassiz in Brazil A meditation on writing about oppressed individuals photographed for scientific purposes, and whether it is possible to liberate such people through an act of imagination. Molly Rogers Fair Women Are Transformed into Negresses A meditation on writing about oppressed individuals photographed for scientific purposes, and whether it is possible to liberate such people through an act of imagination. Molly Rogers Louis Agassiz: Full Face and Profile A biographical approach to photographs of slaves, considering the images in relation to the personal and professional attitudes of the naturalist who commissioned them. Shawn Michelle Smith A Spirit Photograph An analysis of a “spirit photograph,” a form of photography thought to bridge this world and the next.